Use pricing to discourage commuting via SOV (Single Occupancy Vehicle)
Quantify the environmental impact and economic value of existing private parking spots and explore a VMT (Vehicle Miles Traveled) bank or exchange for managing a VMT budget for the city.
For new development, implement a development impact fee for construction of new non-EV spots.
Establish congestion pricing and/or toll roads.
Consider a Palo Alto-specific Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicle fee, tax, and/or other assessment to provide a disincentive for the ownership or use of a fossil fuel vehicle. Consider application of the fee, tax, or assessment to both residential households and workplaces and utilize the revenue to incentivize VMT reduction and EV adoption.